The federal budget process occurs in two stages: appropriations, which set overall spending limits by agency or program, and authorizations, which direct how federal funds should (or should not) be used.

Appropriation and authorization provisions are typically made for single fiscal years.

A reauthorization bill renews the authorizations of an expiring law.


John Stewart
Editor, OutdoorWire.com
Resources Consultant, California Four Wheel Drive Association
Board of Directors, BlueRibbon Coalition